Mandalatekenen

 

 1  Wat is de mandala ?

De mandala is een oude vorm en betekent cirkel. Het woord komt uit het Sanskriet.

Het kenmerkende van de cirkel is dat er geen begin en geen einde is; waar je je ook bevindt op de cirkellijn, de afstand tussen het middelpunt en de rand van de cirkel is altijd gelijk. De kleuren, lijnen, vormen en symbolen die in de mandala ontstaan, stemmen overeen met waarden in het onderbewuste. Zo is het mogelijk via het mandalatekenen te ontspannen en los te laten. Maar ook kan het helpen bij het oefenen in bijvoorbeeld concentratie, geduld, doorzettingsvermogen, nauwkeurigheid en verdieping.

Het mandalatekenen is een kunstvorm die men kan beoefenen zonder dat men bijzonder goed kan tekenen. Het nodigt uit zich via het tekenen te uiten zonder weerhouden te worden door angst om te falen. Het kan zelfs ook faalangst doen verminderen of helen en helpt bij het omgaan met angsten. Bij mandalatekenen op school worden eenvoudige tekentechniekjes spelenderwijs aangeleerd.

(Hoewel het woord mandala cirkel betekent, zijn er ook opdrachten die niet binnen de cirkel worden getekend).

 

 2  Wat doet het mandalatekenen in kinderen?

Het mandalatekenen helpt o.a. de motorische ontwikkeling te verfijnen. Via het mandalatekenen leert men zichzelf kennen op een natuurlijke, geleidelijke en veilige manier zonder beoordeling; als een niet bedreigende objectieve waarneming. Zo helpt ’t het kind zelfvertrouwen te ontwikkelen, doordat het in het tekenen zichzelf helemaal kan uiten.

 

3  Thema’s

Er zijn binnen het mandalatekenen diverse thema’s ontwikkeld die aansluiten op verschillende ontwikkelingsaspecten in het kind, zoals het tekenen van geometrische mandala’s en sociale spelletjes.

Het tekenen van geometrische mandala’s biedt de ontwikkeling van structuur aan en de ontwikkeling van het denken. Zo ook in relatie met het voelen bij het maken van roset-mandala’s.

Sociale spelletjes bieden eveneens een beeld van het kind zelf in relatie met de ander op een veilige en relativerende wijze. Binnen het mandalatekenen kunnen spelletjes met elkaar gedaan worden, waardoor het kind onbewust kan leren assertief te zijn, om te gaan met pesten en gepest worden of met de benen op de grond te komen. Het geeft het kind een beeld van zichzelf in relatie met de ander op een veilige, relativerende wijze. Dit geldt ook bij het maken van een groepsmandala.

Bij het tekenen van lemniscaten (de liggende acht) wordt de energetische samenwerking tussen beide hersenhelften versterkt, verbeterd of zelfs hersteld. Dit is ook een van de mogelijke gevolgen bij het zogenaamde spiegelen. Dit spiegelen (bijvoorbeeld de vleugels van een vlinder, een portret, een zeilboot in weerspiegeling op het water) werkt nog meer verdiepend hier op in.

Het golven ontwikkelt vertrouwen en souplesse. Tekeningen waarbij soms steeds terugkerende golven worden gemaakt, zowel horizontaal als verticaal,  stimuleren je de greep op de dingen los te laten en je in vertrouwen met durf over te geven aan….. bijvoorbeeld je toekomst. Het helpt bij het overwinnen van angsten. Dit is ook waar te nemen bij het maken van stromingsbeelden die nog meer verdiept werken. Stromingsbeelden maken, door het steeds herhalen van de lijn, wat weinig of niet zichtbaar is, zichtbaar.

Spiralen- en energiemandala’s brengen het kind meer bij zichzelf en maken het rustig of helpen het zich soepel naar binnen en naar buiten te richten. Tekeningen met spiralen naar binnen brengen het kind meer bij zichzelf, maken het rustig; tekeningen met spiralen naar buiten helpen het zich meer naar buiten te richten dan het van nature zou durven.

Rhythmische– en dynamische oefeningen sterken het concentratie- en doorzettingsvermogen en de fijne motoriek. Zo ook de vaste vormprincipes (Vanaf 7 jaar). Deze integreren bovendien het denken en het voelen met elkaar.

Het tekenen van doolhoven en knopen (voor kinderen van de bovenbouw) stimuleert kinderen tot verdieping te komen en helpt hen te leren kijken achter de dingen. Het ontwikkelt het creatieve denken en doet een beroep op de avontuurlijke ontdekkingsreiziger in het kind.

 

4  Het doel van mandalatekenen

Het eerste doel van mandalatekenen is dat het kind op harmonieuze wijze tot ervaringen komt van zijn binnenwereld in relatie met de buitenwereld en wel als volgt:

  •  Het kind leert op speelse wijze zichzelf kennen.
  •  Een deel van het kind wordt zichtbaar en ervaarbaar.
  •  Het laat ook anderen, zoals ouders en leerkrachten, zien wie het is.
  •  Het biedt energetische ordening en structuur aan op een veilige, losse en  speelse wijze.
  •  Het kan aanleiding geven voor een gesprek.
  •  Een mandala die af is geeft voldoening.

De meditatieve mandala maakt het mogelijk kinderen tot een religieus beleven te brengen, zonder dat er van een indoctrinatie sprake is of dat het een bedreiging zou inhouden voor bijvoorbeeld multiculturele godsdienstige achtergronden binnen de school.

Het mandalatekenen helpt het kind zichzelf als het middelpunt van het leven te ervaren. Dat biedt kracht en houvast.

 

5  Methodisch mandalatekenen op school.

Gemiddeld wordt er in 2 lessen, 1 tekening gemaakt.

Er zijn voor elke groep 20 lessen, die concentrisch in de groepen worden opgebouwd. Specifieke onderwerpen worden rond de feesten gegeven, bijvoorbeeld

  •  het spiegelen rond het Sint Nicolaasfeest,
  •  gevoelstekeningen rond Kerstmis en
  •  stiltetekeningen rond Pasen.

Elk schooljaar begint met het inkleuren van voorgedrukte mandala’s. Zo wordt de techniek van het kleuren herhaald: het kleuren, het mengen; elke gelijke vorm in een cirkel krijgt een gelijke kleur. Er worden teken- en kleuroefeningen gegeven op speciale, voorgetekende stencils. Bijvoorbeeld de gestippelde cirkel; mengcirkel; spiralen; kledingontwerpen enzovoort.

Onderwerpen die in alle klassen aan bod komen:

  •  Het golven.
  •  Spiralen.
  •  Spiegelen.
  •  Energietekenen.
  •  Rosettekenen.
  •  Heelbeelden.
  •  Geometrie.
  •  Stromingsbeelden.
  •  Lemniscaattekenen.
  •  Meditatief tekenen.
  •  Knopen, vlechten en doolhoven.
  •  Groepsmandala’s en sociale spelletjes.
  •  Gevoelsmandala’s.

 

6  Tot slot

Er is in elke les voor de kinderen een zo herkenbaar mogelijke tekenopdracht gemaakt. Dit was niet altijd gemakkelijk en succesvol. Belangrijk is dat u door de tekeningen heen kijkt. Niet de tekening als resultaat is altijd ’t eerste doel. Het eerste doel van het mandalatekenen is immers dat het kind tot een directe ervaring van zijn binnenwereld komt in relatie met de buitenwereld en dit op een veilige manier kan doen.

Een mandala die af is, geeft voldoening; laat dus altijd de mandala afmaken. Laat het kind eens vertellen hoe ’t maken van een bepaalde mandala in zijn werk gaat.

Het is heerlijk met zijn allen (ook in een gezinssituatie) lekker te gaan mandalatekenen, bijv. een roset-mandala.

Hopelijk kunt u het mandalatekenen zien als een zinvolle, verrijkende aanvulling op de leerstof voor het kind en/of klas.

De lessen van de groepen 6 t/m 8 zijn ook geschikt voor volwassenen.

 

Bent u geïnteresseerd? Stuur dan een e-mail naar alamb.janssen@gmail.com.

 

Anna Lamb-Janssen

Copyright en alle rechten Anna Lamb-Janssen

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